Institutional analysis of collective action arrangements for sustainability

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Typical ownership structure

  examples ownership economic value
Microbial resources held in culture collections

* type strains (the reference organism for a newly named species)

* patent deposits in Budapest treaty

* strains used in industrial process

The culture collection ; the biological resource can be used by a recepient upon payment of a fee (approximately between 50 and 200 US$), but the recepient cannot distribute to a third party potentially high, but unknown
Information on microbial resources

* web-published open access catalogues of culture collections

* GBIF : the Global Biodiversity Information Facility

Uptill now : practice of free and open access to the database ; could change with the European database directive (more information needed) low value, largely descriptive
Publications on microbial resources CABI publishing the journal intermediate

Background documents on legal and institutional challenges of the microbial commons

Microbial resources Material transfert agreements ATCC (main American collection), DSMZ (main German collection), BCCM (coordinatin of the Belgian collections)
  Survey of practices of culture collections member of WFCC Per Stromberg, Unai Pascual, Tom Dedeurwaerdere
  Uniqueness of holdings in culture collections

(to be provided : document © Peter Dawyndt)

(to be scanned Dwight Baker, Microbial Diversity and pharmaceutical industry collections, ICCC 10)

Information on microbial resources Pilot project for information sharing amongst 42 culture collections

straininfo bioportal (to be launched spring 2007)

Presentation of Straininfo project at the September CODATA meeting in Brussels (CODATA/science commons)


Publications on microbial resources    

Exploring and exploiting the microbiological commons



Outline of special issue for International Social Science Journal

Dedeurwaerdere T. (ed.)

Exploring and exploiting the microbiological commons

Contributions of bioinformatics and intellectual property rights in sharing biological information

1. Peter Dawyndt, Tom Dedeurwaerdere and Jean Swings, Introduction to the special issue

2. Charlotte Hess and Elinor Ostrom, A Framework for Analyzing Governance and Collective Action in the Microbiological Commons

3. Tom Dedeurwaerdere, The Institutional Economics of Sharing Biological Information

4. Heide-Marie Daniel, Uwe Himmelreich and Tom dedeurwaerdere, Integrating different windows on reality: from genotype to phenotype

5. Cook-Deegan and Tom Dedeurwaerdere, The Science Commons in Life Science Research:

Structure, Function, and Value of Access to Genetic Diversity.

7. Nicolas Brahy, The Contribution of Databases and Customary Law to the Protection of Traditional Knowledge

8. Margaret Polski, The Economic Organization of Biomedical Research in the U.S.